Dance Dictionary
Social Dances

Phone: 1(480)945-9100 .... Fax: 1(480)945-9102 ... E-Mail

My Magic World of Music & Dance

[Raper's Dance Classes] [Dance Teachers Corner] [Visitor Feedback]

Favorite Dance Sites

Balboa Dance Corner
Ballroom Dance Corner
Charleston Dance Corner
Lindy Hop Dance Corner
Shag Dance Corner
Swing Dance Corner




Who's Who in Swing Dance

Starting A New Dance Club
(Helpful Hints)

Swing Dance
Country Western Dance
Competition Judging
Other Dance Links
Educational References
Dance Instruction
Clubs, Associations, Etc.
Dance Videos
Movies & TV
Dance Therapy
Other Web Sites
H. Leon Raper




Absolute Pattern

Is a Step Pattern that is danced by yourself - without a partner.  This is an excellent way of learning new Step Patterns.  Each dancer first learns what they are supposed to do by themselves. When partners dance together it then becomes an Adjusted Pattern.


An Accent is an Emphasis placed on one or more elements of music and/or dance. There are many ways an Accent may be expressed in music: Some particular beat, beats or tones may stand out more than others. The Accent may stand out as the element being louder, higher in pitch, or held for a longer time. An Accent may also stand out because the element is softer, lower in pitch, or shorter than the other elements. There are also many other ways of expressing an Accent in music. The following are just a few of the simple regular recurring Accents people hear and feel in the types of music indicated:

2 Step (4/4 Time): Accents the "Down Beat"
Swing (4/4 Time): Accents the "Up Beat"
Waltz (3/4 Time): Accents the "Down Beat"

Dancers can also interpret the music and Emphasize (Accent) their performance in any way they see fit. They do not have to respond to every Accent they hear in the music.

Active Connection

Is used while the leader is initially leading a step pattern.   After the Follower has responded to the lead, then the lead should be reduced to a Passive Connection . That is, the Tone is different for Active and Passive Connections.

Adjusted Pattern

Is a Step Pattern you dance with a partner. It is basically the Absolute Pattern with slight adjustments needed to dance with a partner.


In West Coast Swing and Lindy Hop, the Anchor is normally referred to as the final rhythm Unit/Measure of any Step Pattern (the last 2 beats).   Different types of Anchors will leave the dancers one of three possible positions.

One type of Anchor will result in the dancer's not being  individually centered (with an away resistance), resulting in a heavy active connection (some refer to as leverage) - however, the pattern will be couple centered

Another type of Anchor will result in the follower being individually centered - resulting in passive connection.

And the last type of Anchor will result in the Follower's CPB being slightly forward of of being individually centered - resulting in a passive connection .


Annotation defines techniques for writing dance. See Category Annotation (Writing Dance)


More Technical Stuff


Web Site Feedback
See what others are saying
about this web site


H. Leon Raper